The pattern of how a person walks is called the gait. Many different types of walking problems occur without a person’s control. Most, but not all, are due to some physical condition. General causes of abnormal gait may include: arthritis of the leg or foot joints, fractures, injury, myositis (inflammation or swelling of the muscles), shin splints, or tendonitis. Treating the cause often improves the gait. For example, gait abnormalities from trauma to part of the leg will improve as the leg heals. Physical therapy almost always helps with short-term or long-term gait disorders. Physical therapy will reduce the risk of falls and other injuries.